Red Gate SQL Monitor Metric – New logins to the Sysadmin role.

Red Gate SQL Monitor Metric – New logins to the Sysadmin role.

Another one of my SQL Monitor custom metrics has been published by Red Gate.  This one generates an alert when the count of server principles who are added to the sysadmin server role changes.  It is very useful when multiple members of an IT team may have a DBA support function and are inclined to simple add users with sysadmin roles. This metric can be used to alert when this happens so it can be checked and verified in case it causes a security risk.

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SPN Setup for Double hop from Client (IE) to IIS 8 to SQL Server (2012)

The following is the required steps to set up kerberos authentication for a client to sql server.

This is a rough post, created purely for self reference.  A lot of this work is talked about at the following location http://blogs.msdn.com/b/psssql/archive/2011/02/21/sharepoint-adventures-using-kerberos-with-the-report-server.aspx

On IIS:

  • Open ISS Manager and go to application pools.
  • Set the correct application pool to use a dedicated user – right click and slect advanced settings. Change identity to the domain user required. If you’re not sure what application pool is the being used by the web app, stop them all and then start them individually, whilst refreshing the web app. When the correct one is used, the web app should work (somewhat!).
  • Next, go to the web application web site in IIS manager. Double click authentication and enable ASP.NET Impersonation (right click and select enable).
  • Right click on Windows Authentication and enable too.
  • Right click on Windows authentication and select Advance Settings and untick Enable Kernel-mode Authentication.
  • Click ok then right click on Windows Authentication and select providers.
  • Add Negotiate:Kerberos from the available providers drop down list.  Make sure this is the top of the list of enabled providers, above negotiate.

On a domain connected computer:

Add the SPN’s:

  • Open a cmd window and add an spn for the service account that the web app is running under. This is the domain account you set for the application pool.  This SPN should be for HTTP service for the URL of the server. In this case below the server name:
    setspn -A HTTP/WebserverName domain\domainuser
    i.e: setspn -A HTTP/SGBB1234 CONTOSO\WebAppServiceUser
  • Add the SPN for the Fully qualified domain name too, i.e.:
    setspn -A HTTP/SGBB1234.CONTOSO.UK.COM CONTOSO\WebAppServiceUser
  • Now check the spn is set for the SQL Server Service account. This is the account the SQL Server is running under:
    setspn -l SQLServerServiceAccount
  • If nothing is listed, then add the spn for the database instance using port number and instance name:
    setspn -A MSSQLSvc/ServerNameFQN:portnumber domain\SQLServiceAccount
    setspn -A MSSQLSvc/ServerNameFQN:InstanceName domain\SQLServiceAccount
    i.e.:
    setspn -A MSSQLSvc/DBServer.Contoso.UK.COM:1453 contoso\Account1
    setspn -A MSSQLSvc/DBServer.Contoso.UK.COM:Instance1 contoso\Account1
  • After you have setup the SPN’s using the SETSPN commands for the instance and port of the SQL Server Service Account, run the command <code>dsacls “CN=<CommonName>, OU=<OrganisationUnit>, DC=<DomainComponent>” /G SELF:RPWP;”servicePrincipalName”</code>
    Change the CN, OU and DC values to be appropriate for the service account.  If you look at the SETSPN command for the service account, this will provide you with these values and so the whole string can be copied and pasted I.e.
    <code>dsacls “CN=Account1,OU=Service Accounts, OU=Administrative, OU=HO, DC=contoso,DC=ad,DC=contoso,DC=com” /G SELF:RPWP;”servicePrincipalName”</code>
    The dsacls command is part of the AD feature pack.  You should see the command complete successfully.

    Once all is done, run the command setspn -X to check for any duplicates. Remove any duplicate SPN’s from the incorrect location.

  • You will then need to restart SQL so that it can register the SPN in AD.

Now setup Delegation:

Once the SPN’s are set then the delegation tab will be visible in AD for users:

  • Open AD Users and Computers and navigate to the domain user used to run the app pool web service.
  • Click on Delegation tab and select Trust this user for delegation any service, or to a specific service if more granulatrity required.
  • Do the same for the IIS server in AD too.

Once all the above is complete, restart IIS.

On the client pc, make sure no kerberos tickets are cached and causing a incorrect response.  Do this by opening a cmd window and typing “klist purge”. It should say tickets cleared.

Now do a ctrl + F5 refresh in IE, and the kerberos authentication should work!

Hopefully that is it!